Wisconsin Cropping Systems Weed Science Program

Weed Science Knowledge to Academics and Practitioners

UW-Madison | UW-Extension

Looking for some research-based information to assist with PRE-emergence soybean herbicide selection for waterhemp control? Check the results of the “2018 UW Waterhemp Challenge: Comparison of Soil Residual Soybean Herbicides Study”


Check the “Herbicide Site of Action Key for Crop Injury Symptoms” developed to help corn and soybean farmers, agronomists, Ag educators and crop scouts identify potential herbicide injury symptoms on crops.


We invite Wisconsin farmers and agronomists to collect waterhemp seeds this fall from their row crop production fields and submit them to UW-Madison for herbicide resistance screenings.


In 2017 the Xtend soybean technology was completely launched in the United States. We invite stakeholders to take our short survey intended to investigate perceptions on dicamba use in Xtend soybeans in Wisconsin.


At the beginning of July, the weather finally became conducive for POST-emergence herbicide applications in southern Wisconsin, including for dicamba application in Xtend (dicamba-tolerant) soybeans. Typically, injury from micro-rates of dicamba in susceptible crops tends to show at 10-14 days after the incident. We ask Wisconsin stakeholders to provide estimates of dicamba-injured acres to help scientists and decision-makers understand the status of dicamba injury during the 2018 growing season (information will be kept confidential).



Coming soon!


Technical Bulletins

Research reports will be shared here after our first field season.




20. Stepanovic, S.V., C. Burr, J.A. Peterson, D. Santra, D. Rudnick, T. Adesemoye, C.F. Creech, and R. Werle. 2018. Field peas response to seeding rate, depth and inoculant in west-central Nebraska. Agronomy Journal. 2018. In Press.

19. Werle, R., and J. Miller. 2018. Survey of Nebraska soybean producers: current and future status of weed management. Journal of Extension. 56(2).

18. Werle, R., C. Burr, and H. Blanco-Canqui. 2018. Cereal rye cover crop suppresses winter annual weeds. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 98:498-500.

17. Vieira, B.C., S.L. Samuelson, G.S. Alves, T.A. Gaines, R. Werle, and G.R. Kruger. 2018. Distribution of glyphosate-resistant Amaranthus spp. in Nebraska. Pest Management Science. Wiley Online Library. DOI 10.1002/ps.4781

16. Rudnick, D.R., T. Lo, J. Singh, R. Werle, F. Munoz-Arriola, T. Shaver, C.A. Burr, T.J. Dorr. 2018. Reply to comments on “Performance assessment of factory and field calibrations for electromagnetic sensors in a loam soil”. Agricultural Water Management. 203:272-276.

15. Singh, J., T. Lo, D.R. Rudnick, T.J. Dorr, C.A. Burr, R. Werle, T.M. Shaver, F. Munoz-Arriola. 2018. Performance assessment of factory and field calibrations for electromagnetic sensors in a loam soil. Agricultural Water Management. 196:87-98.


14. Barnes, E., R. Werle, L.D. Sandell, J.L. Lindquist, S.Z. Knezevic, P.H. Sikkema, and A. Jhala. 2017. Influence of tillage on common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) emergence pattern in Nebraska. Weed Technology. 31:623-631.

13. Werle, R., K. Begcy, M. K. Yerka, I. Dweikat, A. J. Jhala, J. P. Mower, and J. L. Lindquist. 2017. Independent evolution of acetolactate synthase-inhibiting herbicide resistance in weedy Sorghum populations across common geographic regions. Weed Science. 65:164-176.

12. Werle, R., B. Tenhumberg, and J. L. Lindquist. 2017. Modeling the evolution of shattercane resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides in an ALS-tolerant sorghum cropping system. Ecological Modeling. 343:131-141.


11. Saini, S., R. Werle, L.D. Sandell, and A. Jhala. 2016. Spring-tillage has no effect on the emergence pattern of glyphosate-resistant giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida L.) in Nebraska. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 96: 726-729.

10. Werle, R., A. Jhala, M.K. Yerka, J.A. Dille, and J.L. Lindquist. 2016. Distribution of herbicide-resistant shattercane and johnsongrass populations in sorghum production areas of Nebraska and northern Kansas. Agronomy Journal. 108:321-328. Invited Submission.


9. Werle, R., L.J. Giesler, M.L. Bernards, and J.L. Lindquist. 2015. Likelihood of soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) reproduction on henbit (Lamium amplexicaule) roots in Nebraska. Weed Technology. 29:35-41.

8. Werle, R., L.D. Sandell, D.D. Buhler, R.G. Hartzler, and J.L. Lindquist. 2014. Predicting emergence of twenty three summer annual weed species. Weed Science. 62:267-279.


7. Werle, R., M.L. Bernards, T.J. Arkebauer, and J.L. Lindquist. 2014. Environmental triggers of winter annual weed emergence in the midwestern United States. Weed Science. 62:83-96.

6. Werle, R., L.L. Perez, L.D. Sandell, and J.L. Lindquist. 2014. Corn (Zea mays) emergence and early growth as influenced by tansymustard (Descurainia pinnata) residue. Crop Management. doi:10.2134/CM-2013-0088-RS.

5. Werle, R., J.J. Schmidt, J. Laborde, A. Tran, C. Creech, and J.L. Lindquist. 2014. Shattercane X ALS-resistant sorghum F1 hybrid and shattercane interference in ALS-resistant sorghum. Journal of Agricultural Science. 6:159-165.


4. Werle, R., M.L. Bernards, L.J. Giesler, and J.L. Lindquist. 2013. Influence of two herbicides on soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) reproduction on henbit (Lamium amplexicaule) roots. Weed Technology. 27:41-46. Outstanding paper in Weed Technology.


3. Han, C., C. Borman, D. Osantowski, J. Wagnitz, K. Koehler-Cole, K. Korus, E. Sonderegger, R. Werle, T. Wood, and J. L. Lindquist. 2012. Productivity of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) and spring oat (Avena sativa L.) grown as sole and intercrops under different nitrogen levels. Journal of Agricultural Science. 4:136-143.


2. Rosolem, C.A., R. Werle, R.A. Garcia. 2010. Nitrogen washing from C3 and C4 cover grasses residues by rain. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. 34:1899-1905.


1. Werle, R., R.A. Garcia, C.A. Rosolem. 2008. Potassium leaching as affected by soil texture and potassium availability. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. 32:2297-2305 (In Portuguese with English abstract).


Those who get the work done!

Ryan DeWerff (Research Specialist)

Ryan DeWerff

Maxwel Coura Oliveira (Postdoctoral Research Associate)

Maxwel Oliveira

Sarah Striiegel (MS Graduate Student)

Sarah Striegel

Nikola Arsenijevic (MS Graduate Student)

Nikola Arsenijevic

Victor Ribeiro (Visiting MS Graduate Student)

Victor Ribeiro

Former Lab Members

No one has left (thankfully) or graduated from our program yet!